Main information Clematis Grapes Schisandra chinensis  
Exhibitions Clematis & Grapes e-shop Visit us Clematis book Contact us
FLOWER FAIR 5.08.2017

.Clematis garden  in Roogoja nursety

 

Roogoja and Roosoja clematis garden  2016.a

Clematis for sale spring 2017

Movie about the clematisis on sale 2017

 

 

 

 

AREA OF CLEMATIS DISTRIBUTION

 lso exchanged clematis plants already grown in Estonia.In the genus Clematis there are about 250-300 species throughout the world. 2/3 of them are growing on the continent of Eurasia. The most of the clematis species are to be found in East Asia. To Western European gardens clematis was introduced as far back as the 16th century. The first large-flowered hybrid was created in England in the middle of the last century. Since then crossbreeding and cultivation of large-flowered clematis has been on its course to victory. The clematis arrived in Estonia already before the World War II. Large-flowered clematis started to gain popularity in I960-1970. Clematis growing enthusiasts shared practical knowledge of growing and propagation of clematis plants. They a

The first book about clematis in Estonian was Adolf Vaigla's "Clematis" Tallinn 1982 "Valgus". The publication brought along tremendous growth of interest and the clematis quickly conquered the hearts of gardeners. Thanks to the annual flower fairs held at Türi and other plant fairs, where a large assortment of clematis plants is available, clematis has spread all over Estonia, almost into every second garden.

 

CLEMATIS CLASSIFICATION

 

The genus Clematis belongs to the family of plants Ranunculaceae. It is classed as a woody plant, as it stem becomes fibrous, there are also herbaceous clematis. Clematis plants are mostly climbing, some clamber. Clematis plants are mostly deciduous, but there are some evergreen exceptions. Clematis has one unusual feature - there are no petals and the sepals take on the characteristics of petals and are termed petals. There are mostly 6 petals, some clematis with 4, 5, 8, single and double species and hybrids.

 

Clematis flower colour range from pure white to the darkest shades of violet. So far bright yellow and orange large-flowered clematis have not been created, but there are some yellow species. In large scale the clematis can be divided in two: large-flowered cultivars and wild species. The large-flowered cultivars are products of crossing different species, hybridizing or free pollination.

 

THE RIGHT PLACE TO PLANT CLEMATIS

 So far only small gardens in Estonia have benefited from growing clematis. But the use of this beautiful and rewarding climbing plant should be widened to decorate towns, parks and squares.

 

 The right choice of clematis plants might give you a continuous rich blossom from the middle of May up to the beginning of November, and this in Estonia. Only night frosts from -5 °C to -7 °C finish blossoming.

 

 

The best place in your garden for a clematis is a piece of land sheltered from dominating winds, slightly sloping south, south west, west or south east. The needs of species are more modest, so they can be grown at the borders of the garden. There they can effectively get support from the surrounding nature - branches of trees, bushes, dead or alive or old walls. Large-flowered clematis grows best in an open, sunny place in the lawn, using strong metal or wood trellis for support.

 

 

 Many people are used to grow clematis on the wall. The blossoming starts here a week earlier, but is over sooner and the flowers tend to be smaller. Walls reduce the amount of light and nutrient medium for the plant. But some richly blossoming clematis are growing and happily flowering also in half shade.

CLEMATIS PLANTING

 

Clematis is usually grown at the same place for a comparatively long time. Clematis plants that have grown at the same place for 20-30 years are not rare, and even for modest care have been thankfully flowering each year. When digging a hole, it should be big enough.

 

At least 50-60 cm diameter and at least 50 cm deep. Add 1/3-1/2 rich compost or well rotted manure to the soil taken from the hole. It is best to cover the bottom of the hole with gravel for drainage. When plants are planted in a row, a ditch should be dug. Clematis of the same variety should be planted at least 0,7-0,8 m apart. Advisable distance for different clematis varieties is at least 1 m. Spring is the best time to plant the clematis.

 

When plants are in polythene bags or pots, they can be successfully planted with the root ball throughout the summer. The clematis should be planted at a good depth, with 10 cm of soil covering its 1-2 buds. It is also important to follow that after the soil in the hole is sunk, the last layer on the plant should be 5-10 cm higher than the surrounding ground.

 

 

GENERAL CARE

 In the first summer after planting no fertilizing is necessary, especially when the soil was prepared as required. In a poor soil the clematis will form a stronger root system. In the following years when energy is spent most on vegetative mass, additional feeding should be given. It is advisable to give most of energy in the form of fertilizers 3-5 times in the summer. Complex fertilizers, mostly NPK + trace elements should be given in turns with manure and garden compost. Plants can be watered with liquid manure solution (1:10) or chicken dung solution (1:15). The soil around the stem of the clematis should be kept bare and free from weeds, and an adequate supply of water must be given to keep the soil damp. A mulch of garden compost, well rotted manure or peat is necessary to protect the fleshy roots from the sun. Being a clinging vine, all clematis require supports to cling to. Different types of supports may be made of wood or iron, different figures can be formed. The clematis can cling to a string or a net, it can also be supported by trees, bushes or shrubs. Clematis without any support, scrambling about on me ground, a bright spot in the lawn, is a fascinating and surprising sight.

 

 

READY FOR WINTER

 

The clematis species grown in Estonia are likely to be hardy and need no covering for winter. The clematis, flowering on the growths made the previous year, should not be pruned like C. alpina. The clematis flowering on the growth made the same year should be pruned hard as low as 5-8 cm in autumn in October, November. In spring there will be new shoots from the buds on the stem and a rich display of blooms in July. The seeds will ripen in September or October.

 

All large-flowered hybrids need covering for winter. We make preparations for winter usually in October. We cut down the clematis growths above a pair of buds 5-15 cm from the ground and clean the supports from old leaves. The middle of the bush is covered with soil or peat layer of 5-15 cm. On top of it we put a water proof material to avoid excessive moisture.

 

 

 

 

 

No cut!  Cl. alpina, Cl. sibirica,  Cl. tangutica, Cl. macrobetala , 'Memm', 'Estrella'

 

 

CLEMATISES FOR SALE

We have long-term experience in mail order sale. We sent the plants of roses and clematis across the entire Russia already during the Soviet Union times; now, we have sent plants also to Japan, European countries, the USA and Canada as well. Unfortunately, it is difficult to import plants to Russia, the USA, Canada and Australia. We will readily send plants to EU countries.

 

                   

We send the plants by mail bare root, with washed roots and packed into moist paper. This way, the plants will last for a long time in cool conditions. Forwarding costs will be added to the cost of the plants. The plants are paid for to the bank account indicated on the invoice enclosed in the package. Orders can be placed in winter and spring until 15 April. The assortment is the largest in the spring. 

You are welcome to our webshop clematis24

 

Here are pictures of Clematises that have suprised us.

 

In 2016 there were mutations among the Clematises in our garden.

 

 

Clematis „Victoria“ flower had white stripes and edges.

 

Clematis „Gunta“ flower had white tips.

 

 

 

Also Clematis „Huvi“ had white tips.

 

 

 

Clematis „Põhjanael“ was even more variegated.

 

 

 

On rare occation  some flowers may display themselves as double flower. Here is picture of Clematis „Romantika“ with double flower.

 

 

Clematis „Alba Luxurians“ has sometimes flowers where the petals have been replaced with leaves.

 

 

It may happen that the petals do not split correctly and form a bellflower. Here is picture of Clematis „Dora“ that usually has open flower.

 

 

Roots of Clematises are strong enought to grow through a piece of asphalt.

 

 

Even a small plant’s grem can grow more than 20 cm to reach the surface.

 

 

CLEMATIS BREEDING

 

Hybridization of the clematis has been popular in England, France, Poland, Sweden and in the previous USSR. In Estonia, at Harju county in Roogoja nursery we have been hybridizing the clematis since 1979. As in our climate the seeds never ripen, we have to use greenhouses. We have grown over 6000 hybrids and chosen out of them more than 150 as perspective candidates for new varieties. Every new variety should have its singularity and be superior to its parent plant.

Almost hybrids breeded in Roogoja Farm are large flowered clematis hybrids. Our aim was to get winter hard and rich flowering on the same years wood hybrids.

The best clematis hybrids bred by Uno and Aili Kivistik in Roogoja Farm:

name of clematis variety or hybrid the year of clematis breeding height of the clematis plant m number of tepals colour of clematis tepals colour of stamens diameter of clematis  flower cm
'Aino' 1981 1,5-2 6 blue + pink stripe yellow 12
'Anti' 1982 1,5 6 blue white 17
'Bella' 1982 1,5-2 6 white brown 15
'Eetika' 1984 1,5 4-6 reddish pink reddish pink 12
'Ekstra' 1982 1-1,5 6 light blue brown 12-14
'Entel' 1984 2-3 4-6 pinkish white pink/ yellow 8-10
'Esperanto' 1982 2-3 4-6 reddish lilac brown 14-18
'Flamingo' 1980 1,5-2 6 white light yellow 18-20
'Huvi' 1986 1,5-2 6 dark red brownish yellow 14-19
'Ilka' 1981 2-2,5 6 blue dark lilac 15-20
'Juuli' 1984 1,5 6-4 light blue yellow 8-10
'Kasmu' 1987 2-2,5 4-6 dark red yellow 10-12
'Kirimäe' 1980 1,5-2 6-8 pink + red stripe brown 14
'Kodupaik' 1980 1,5-2 6-8 pinkish white + red stripe yellow 12-15
'Kommerei' 1985 2,5-3 6 lilacish red brown 12-14
'Kotkas' 1983 1,5 6-8 white reddish lilac 25
'Küllus' 1980 1,5-2 6-8 light blue brown 13
'Miniseelik' 1982 0,8-1,2 6 reddish pink light yellow 8-9
'Marmori' 1986 1,8-2 6 pink pink 16
'Minister' 1982 1,5-2 6 blue brown 17
'Mikelite' 1987 2,5-3 4-6 reddish lilac yellow 12-14
'Paala' 1982 1,5 6-8 bluish pink light yellow 16
'Piilu' 1984 1,5 4-6 pink yellow 11
'Pirko' 1987 2-2,5 6 pink striped yellow 10-12
'Pulmapäev' 1987 1,5-2 6 white dark brown  12-15
'Põhjanael' 1981 1,5 6 .blue + red stripe dark brown  15
'Rahvarinne' 1985 1,5-2 4-6 pinkish red brownish yellow 16
'Reiman' 1987 1,5-2 6 reddish lilac brown  15-30
'Ristimägi' 1982 1,2-1,5 6 blue + pink stripe yellow 12
'Romantika' 1983 2-2,5 4-6 dark lilac yellow 13
'Roogoja' 1980 1,5-2 6 white reddish brown 17-20
'Roko' 1982 1,5-2 6 blue brown 13
'Roko-Kolla' 1982 2 6 white yellow 16-19
'Rüütel' 1982 1,5-2 6 red brown 16
'Saalomon' 1985 1,5-2 6 white yellow 12-15
'Semu' 1981 2,5-3 4-6 bluish lilac brown 14
'Siirus' 1982 2 6 light violet purpur 17
'Silmakivi' 1981 1,5-2 6 blue yellow 14-17
'Tartu' 1983 1,5-2 4-6 light blue light yellow 16-18
'Teksa' 1981 1,5-2 6 light blue brown 13
'Tentel' 1984 2,5-3 6 pink yellow 10-11
'Valge Daam' 1980 1,5-2 6 white brown 17
'Viola' 1983 2,5 6 dark bluish lilac yellow 13-15
'Memm' 1992 3-4 double white yellow 3-4
'Estrella' 1992 3-4 double blue yellow 3-4

 

 

 

Also we recommend, to grow in Estonia the following clematis varieties:

name of clematis variety or hybrid the year ofclematis  breeding height of the clematis plant m number of tepals colour of clematis tepals colour of stamens diameter of clematis flower cm  
'Aljonuska' 1963 1,5 4-6 pink yellowish pink 5-8  
'Arabella' 1,2-1,5 6 blue yellow 8-10
'Comtesse de Bouchaud' 1903 2-2,5 6 pink light yellow 10-15  
'Fargesioides' 1964 5-7 5-6 white whitish yellow 4-5  
'Jubileinõi 70' 1965 2,5-3 5-6 reddish lilac brown 10-14  
'Hagley Hybrid' 1956 2-2,5 6-8 pink red 10-15  
C.x jacmanii 1858 2,5-3 4 bluish lilac yellowish pink 10-14  
'Niobe' 1975 1,5-2 6 dark red yellow 10-15  
'Nadezda' 1969 2-2,5 6 pink striped yellow 14-16  
'Negus' 1972 1,5-2 6 bluish lilac brown 13-15  
'Purpurea Plena Elegans' 1899 2,5-3 double reddish pink   5-6  
'Rouge Cardinal' 1968 2 6 dark red brown 10-15  
'Victoria' 1870 2,5 6 light lilac yellowish pink 10-15  
'Wille de Lyon' 1899 2,5 6 red yellowish pink 10-15  
'Yaiichi' 2 6-8 lilac blue brown  15-18
               

We recommend growing , the following small fowered clematis:

name of clematis variety or hybrid height of the clematis  plant m number of clematis tepals colour of tepals colour of stamens diameter of clematis flower cm  cutting
Cl.alpina 2-3 4 bluish lilac yellow 3-5 dont cut
Cl.alpina var. sibirica 3-4 4 white yellow 3-5 dont cut
Cl. fusca 2 4 dark violet brown 1,5-2 cut
Cl. integrifolia 0,7-1,5 4 pink-blue yellow 4-6 cut
Cl.tangutica 3 4 yellow yellow 2-4 dont cut
Cl.viorna 3 4 pinkish red   2-3 cut
Cl.fargesii 2-3 5-6 white white 1-2 cut
Cl.recta 1-1,5 4 white white 1-1,5 cut
Cl.recta mandshurica 1,5-2 4 white white 2-3 cut